Old Homes

Lynnhaven Parish Parishioners' Historic Homes 
Six of these Virginia Beach houses are open to the public. Times vary and sometimes are closed for private meetings or renovation. Please check the below web sites for current schedules. The house number is posted first, followed by the construction date, address, zip code and contact number.
(6) 1641/1680/1719 - The Thoroughgood House: 1636 Parish Road, 23455: 385-5100 https://www.museumsvb.org/museums/Pages/thoroughgood-house.aspx
(13) 1690 - The Lynnhaven House: 4409 Wishart Road, 23455: 385-5100
(14) 1732 - The Francis Land House: 3131 Virginia Beach Boulevard, 23452: 385-5100
(19) 1759 - The Upper Wolfsnare House: 2040 Potters Road, 23454: 491-3490
(23) 1793 - Whitehurst-Buffington House: 2441 N. Landing Rd, 23456: 427-1833 or 427-1151
(25) 1830 - Ferry Plantation House: 4136 Cheswick Ln, 23455: 473-5182

Early 17th Century Estate Land Area
(supper-imposed on Bob Clark’s 1691 Map)
(1) 1634 - Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640)
(2) 1634 - Thomas Allen (c. 1600 - 1650)
(3) 1634 - Thomas Keeling (1608 - 1664)
(14) 1634 - Francis Land II (1604 - 1657)
(5) 1634 - Henry Woodhouse III (1607 - 1655)
(11) 1642 - Colonel Thomas Walke I (1642 – 1694)
(8) 1649 - William Moseley I (1601-1655)
The houses first built on the estates are gone with the exception of Thomas Allen's House (no. 2) and possibly Thomas Keeling's house (no.3). Since the land had already been cleared of trees and a foundation existed, a newer house most likely was built on top of the old one. See details of those first settlers and the houses built by their descendants standing today (or a description of the first house) as numbered above.
\/ House Number
(1) 1634 - Adam Thoroughgood House No 1. (NLE)

(2) 1634 - Broad Bay Manor / John B. Dey House 
(3) 1636 - Adam Keeling House
(4) 1637 – The John Lovett House
(5) 1638 – The 1st Henry Woodhouse House  (NLE) 
(6) 1641/1680/1719 - The Adam Thoroughgood House 
(7) 1649 - The Weblin House 
(8) 1650 - Rolleston (NLE)
(9) 1673 - Lawson Hall
(10) 1681 - The James and Grace Sherwood House
(11) 1720 - Fairfield Manor (NLE) 
(12) 1699 - The Hermitage
(13) 1680 - The Lynnhaven House
(14) 1805 - The Francis Land House
(15) 1734 - The Carraway House  
(16) 1730 - Green Hill Plantation
(17) 1751 - Summerville
(18) 1752 - The John Biddle House
(19) 1759 - The Upper Wolfsnare House 
(20) 1764 - Pembroke Manor  
(21) 1764 - Poplar Hall 
(22) 1791 - The Taylor-Whittle House
(23) 1793 - The Whitehurst-Buffington House
(24) 1782 - The Walke Manor House (Ferry Plantation 1) (NLE) 
(25) 1830 - Ferry Plantation 2
(26) 1790 - Pleasant Hall 
(27) 1791 - The Thomas Murray House  
(28) 1810 - The Thomas Woodhouse House 
(29) 1811 – The Wells Plantation House
(30) 1827 – Bayville Farm Manor House (NLE)  
(31) 1897 – The Charles M. Barnett House
(32) 1830 – Oak Hill
(33) 1832 - Old Comfort  
(34) 1855 - White Acre (NLE)
(35) 1860 - Church Point Manor
(36) 1920 - The Parks Home

From its earliest seventeenth century beginning in a wilderness area populated by mostly Native Americans to the early twentieth century, these are some of the homes and estates that housed former Lynnhaven Parish / Old Donation Episcopal Church parishioners. Each house shows the distance and direction from Old Donation Episcopal Church (ODEC). Houses are listed in chronological order of construction date. Where there is a disputed date, the earlier date is used. Several houses were modified with additions added. In some cases another newer house was built over the foundation of the old house. Those listed with an asterisk (*) are available for public tours. House marked (NLE) are no longer in existence.

Sketch of Adam Thoroughgood’s first home at today’s Battery Road in Baylake Pines
                    Picture from Amy Castle’s Virginia Beach, Then and Now, 2010
(1) 1634 - Adam Thoroughgood House No 1 and 1658-Adam II's House (NLE) (4.3 miles north) on Battery Road in Baylake Pines near the shoreline of Lake Joyce, the site of today's Susan Boland's home, professor at TCC.  In April 1955 Archeologist Floyd Painter was called to investigate a site in Baylake Pines where remains of an Indian village and colonial home(s) were discovered while builders were excavating for a home.  The site was on Indian hill, fairly high ground near the Lynnhaven River, as the river before 1667 had not yet punched through a one-mile sand bar at the Lesner Bridge location.  This stretch went four miles west to the river’s mouth at Little Creek were the naval JEB Little Creek is today. After the Lynnhaven Inlet was established this cut off section of the river became known as Little Creek. The colonial house remains were determined to be wood structures built between the 1630’s and 1660’s. Mixed in were Indian artifacts which could have indicated English settlers interacted with the local Chesapeake Indians or that an Indian village was there before the English arrived.  Whatever the case, the site had most likely been cleared before the English arrived and was next to the river on fairly high ground. Did Floyd Painter find the remains of Adam Thoroughgood’s first house and also his son’s house? There is strong evidence to this conclusion as the site was on the 5,350 acres Grand Patent awarded to Adam for his leadership on the other side of the James River in Kecoughtan (today’s Hampton). Here is what historians believe. In the fall of 1634, Adam Thoroughgood sent his indentured servants (he owned 105) to build a temporary wood dwelling for his family while a more substantial house could be built. Adam died in 1640 while his indentured servants were building a more permanent brick house (possibly the Thoroughgood House standing today). Adam’s wife married two more men, in 1641 Captain John Gookin (1613 - 1643) and in 1647 Colonel Francis Yeardley (1620-1655). Sometime between husbands Sarah used the temporary wood dwelling to set up an “ordinary” or tavern for the benefit of travelers on the Lynnhaven River. The wood house burned down in about 1650.
Archeologist Floyd Painter was sure his find was Adam Thoroughgood’s first house, but failed to realize he may also have found Adam Thoroughgood (1638 - 1685) son’s house built on top of the 1634 house. In his will Adam II indicated his Grand Manor house had a cellar which Floyd Painter found. He noted that he found a wooden house “containing six rooms, a passage, a kitchen and a cellar.” Adam II most likely built his house in about 1658 over the 1634 house because this location on Indian Hill was on high land and had already been cleared. In 2006 the James River Institute for Archaeology (JRIA) made an extensive investigation of the area and concluded Adam II's house was most likely built near Adam I's house. The remains of Adam II’s house were never found, further verifying  that Floyd Painter found it sitting on top of his father’s house, something common in those times.
(2) 1634 - Broad Bay Manor - Thomas Allen / John B. Dey House at 1710 Dey Cove Drive (9.7 mi east).  Thomas Allen was granted 550 acres of land and built his house in 1634. He was a lawyer at Lynnhaven Parish witnessing wills including one for the Henry Woodhouse (1607 - 1655) and bills of sale including one for Colonel Francis Yeardley (1620-1655), Sarah Thoroughgood’s third husband. The house passed on to three generations of Cornicks and then to three generations of Ferebees.  John B. Dey bought the house in 1914. His holdings extended from Broad Bay to the western branch of the Lynnhaven River and included Ocean Park Beach fronting the Chesapeake Bay, just west of today’s Lesner Bridge.  The Ehrenzellers are the current owners and have a record proving that Thomas built the house in 1634. This is the oldest house in Virginia Beach continuously occupied from the time it was built. The house was laid in Flemish bond brick, created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course and is on a beautiful site facing Broad Bay. It consists of one room and a loft with dimensions similar to the Adam Keeling and Adam Thoroughgood houses built a few years later. The interior dimensions are 17'-2" by 22'-7" including a fireplace at one end (3'-2" by 10'-3"). The original upstairs was a low loft and accessed by ladder.  Over the years owners have built additions onto each side of the original house (as seen above) which is now over 15,000 square feet.
References -  “VA Beach, Then and Now,” page 31 and "Old Houses in Princess Anne, Virginia," page 210..

(3) 1636 to 1735 – The Adam Keeling House at 3157 Adam Keeling Road (8.5 mi east). Thomas Keeling I (1608 - 1664) was one of Adam Thoroughgood’s 105 indentured servants who came in 1628 on the ship Hopewell.  After working off his indenture Thomas was awarded land earning at the end of his indenture across the Lynnhaven River from Adam Thoroughgood’s.  He became one of the vestrymen to assemble at the first Lynnhaven Parish service on Sunday May 17, 1637 in Captain Adam Thoroughgood’s home.
Thomas later purchased more land extending his estate south to London Bridge. A Virginia Pilot article October 24, 1926 states, “The farm [known as the Keeling Tract] contains the famous old Keeling house, a brick structure that was built in 1636, and which is still in an admirable state of preservation.” In 1636 Adam was two years old, so Thomas must have built it, but there is evidence that Adam built a house on the same location as noted in the book “Some Old Norfolk Families.” On page 210, “Adam Keeling (1638 - 1683), built the boutiful home known as ‘The Dudley.’” When Adam died his will (Lower Norfolk County Court record (book 4, page 155) titled “Adam Keeling’s will of 25 April, 1683”  bequeath to his son Thomas II this home and the Plantation called ‘The Dudleys’.”  The next paragraph below provides a substantial reason why Adam had to replace the house his father Thomas built. Nevertheless, there is considerable debate as to the age of the Keeling House standing today. Wood dating puts the construction of the house at about 1735 which may be the third house built over two older houses (1636 and c.1667).

In August 1667 Thomas's son Adam (1638 - 1683) organized a group of neighbors to dig a pilot channel from the Lynnhaven River through a huge sandbar about a half-mile long to the Chesapeake Bay so small boats and canoes would not have to make a four mile journey west to the mouth of the river at Little Creek. Their work is commemorated by a sculpture of a 26' wide by 46' tall starburst of ten canoes installed in late 2018 at the west entrance to the Lesner Bridge . It was created by Donald Lipski who got the idea for the canoes from the first type boats to cross through the inlet Adam and his neighbors dug. A month thereafter, on September 6, 1667, the dreadful hurricane of 1667 struck, a storm the most severe hurricanes to ever strike Virginia. The hurricane devastated the Lynnhaven area as no other storm has ever done. The 1667 hurricane lasted about 24 hours and was accompanied by very violent winds and tides. Most of the houses in the area were blown over, and area crops (including corn and tobacco) were beaten into the ground. Many livestock drowned in area rivers due to the twelve-foot storm surge. This hurricane was responsible for widening the channel Adam and his neighbors built forever changing the course of the Lynnhaven River with its new inlet where the Lesner Bridge is located. The 1667 storm also most likely destroyed Thomas Keeling's home, and was rebuilt by his son Adam (1638 - 1683), the bountiful home known as "The Dudley.” 
When Thomas I's grandson, Thomas II, died in about 1770 his estate records show that his wife was entitled to one-fifth of the seven slaves he held. A neighbor wanted one of them, Juggy Owens, 28, to be set free. Court records show Juggy was emancipated Oct 1, 1792. She was the fifth great-grandmother of Dana Owens, known professionally as Queen Latifah, an American singer and actress.
The Adam Keeling House was restored to its former glory and is now privately owned by Mr. and Mrs. Carwell. The above picture shows the house prior to its restoration. 
In 1999 Henry Keeling, a direct descendant of Thomas Keeling (1608-1664), originated the Old Donation Endowment Fund Trust with a one million dollar plus post mortem bequest from his estate.
"Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 26
Some Old Norfolk Families,” by H. Clarkson Meredithpage, 1976, page 210
“Phase I Archaeological Survey of Twelve Acres and Phase Ii Archaeological Significance Evaluation of 44vb240, 44vb241, and 44vb242 at the Great Neck Point Disposal Area, City of Virginia Beach, Virginia,  Vdhr File No. 95-0174-F,” https://archive.org/stream/phaseiarchaeolog00mcdo/phaseiarchaeolog00mcdo_djvu.txt  Queen Latifah's Roots tracing to Princess Anne County,” https://www.pbs.org/weta/finding-your-roots/watch/episodes/this-land-is-my-land

(4) 1637 – The John Lovett House - 1721 Lovetts Pond Lane (8.8 miles east). About 20 yards from the Green Hill Plantation House is a small brick cottage. It is a two room hall-and-parlor cottage with a loft area above, two unusual outside front doors, solid 12 inch thick English brick walls, and two substantial brick chimneys on each end.  The house built by John Stratton circa 1637 is similar to the 1640 Adam Thoroughgood House, the 1636 Adam Keeling House, the 1634 Broad Bay Manor, the 1649 Weblin House, and the 1690 Lynnhaven House, all built before transitioning to the 18th century Georgian architecture. The house is located on a 700 acre 1636 land grant given to Henry Southell along the south shore of present Long Creek and Broad Bay. Long Creek was then known as "Stratton's Creek." A city map dated 1919 shows Stratton's Creek running from the Lynnhaven River all the way to the Atlantic Ocean. The Southell's, along with the well known early Princess Anne families of  Thorowgood, Keeling, and Capps, were all established in Lynnhaven Parish within a few years of each other. On March 6th, 2016 at Old Donation Church the Princess Anne County/Virginia Beach Historical Society hosted the Archeological Society of Virginia Nansemond Chapter.  Bert Wendell, Jr. Past President of the Nansemond Chapter gave a talk describing excavations for artifacts in areas around Green Hill Farm and along Broad Bay.  He also provided facts about the John Lovett House located next to the Green Hill Plantation house. He cited a reference from a Virginia Cultural Resources Information System (V-CRIS) site form for Green Hill Plantation titled "2014 Archaeological Testing Research Design" by Dr. Mike Barber, Ph.D., Virginia State Archaeologist. The document stated that the John Lovett House was once used as a kitchen and was  built circa 1637.

(5) 1638 – The 1st Henry Woodhouse House at 1233 McCullough Lane (no longer in existence) (11.4 miles East) at Alanton on Linkhorn Bay at the end of McCullough Ln.  Henry Woodhouse III (1607 - 1655) came to Virginia in 1630 and built his home shortly after a 1637 grant of 500 acres as headrights for providing passage to indentured servants to work his estate. He was a member of the first Lynnhaven Parish Vestry from 1642 to 1643. His land was what is now Alanton and the “Desert,” the land near Fort Story at Cape Henry which had high sand dunes until excavated down during WWII for fear the German U-boats could use their prominent appearance from miles off shore to guide them up the Chesapeake Bay.  Generation after generation of Woodhouse’s helped shape Lynnhaven Parish Church. On July 10, 1706 Captain Woodhouse was on the jury that heard the case against Grace Sherwood, accused of being a witch. Capt William Woodhouse (1739 – 1774) fought in the Virginia and Continental Armies during the Revolutionary War (1775–1783). John S. Woodhouse was one of the vestrymen who in March 1856 signed the minutes for the last time until the church was restored in 1916. Vestryman George H.H. Woodhouse (1840 - 1915) was a soldier in the Confederate Army and his memorial plaque is on the wall of the church. Josiah Woodhouse (1863 - 1929) worked to restore the church from 1910 to 1916, and along with his wife and infant daughter, are the only Woodhouse’s buried in Old Donation historical cemetery.

(6) *(1641 /1680 / 1719) The Adam Thoroughgood House at 1636 Parish Road (3.1 mi NE). There is an ongoing discussion that the Adam Thoroughgood House now standing was either built in circa (ca.) 1719, 1641 or 1680. These three scenarios are based on references and sources that have been interpreted differently.
Background: In 1635 the Governor of Virginia awarded Adam Thoroughgood 5,350 acres of undeveloped lands located between the Chesapeake Bay and the western branch of the Lynnhaven River. This award was for paying the passage of 105 English citizens from London to Virginia. Just as Adam had been indentured in 1621, they were to be used by him as indentured servants for several years and then given freedom and 50 acres of land. They came in 17 different ships between 1628 and 1635. In late 1634 Adam had his indentured servants build a wood frame house on his newly acquired land. In 1635 Adam moved from Kecoughtan into this house with his new bride Sarah (1609 – 1657), bringing with him his 105 indentured servants to work the new and undeveloped lands. Where Adam's family lived after he died in 1640 has become disputed since the City of Virginia Beach acquired the property in 2003. In 2006 the city hired the James River Institute for Archaeology (JRIA) to make an extensive investigation of the property to include verifying it's long held early 17th century date. JRIA concluded the house now standing, the Adam Thoroughgood House at 1636 Parish Road, was built ca.1719. Up until this time historians have agreed through their research that the house was built in the 17th century. JRIA published their finding in May 2006, “Archaeological Assessment of the Adam Thoroughgood House Site, Virginia Beach, Virginia,” providing the following details of the first dwelling Adam Thoroughgood built in the 17th century (no longer standing), the one Adam's son Adam II built (no longer standing)  and the one now standing.
The 1719 House Scenario
On 24 June 1635, soon after receiving his 5,350 acres of land between the Chesapeake Bay and the West Lynnhaven River, Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640) moved his family from Kecoughtan (today’s Hampton) to his undeveloped lands, and built a house at today’s Battery Road in Baylake Pines and lived there with his family “ca. 1635 - 1640.” After Adam's death in 1640, Sarah Thoroughgood/Gookin/Yeardley (1609 – 1657) continued to live there with her  husbands, Captain John Gookin (1613-1643) from 1641 until his 1643 death and Colonel Frances Yeardley (1620-1655) from 1647 to 1650. Living there were  Sarah’s five children; Ann (1630-1703), Sarah (1631-1658), Elizabeth (1633-1670), Adam II (1635- 1686), and Mary (1642 - 1700). This first house “burned ca. 1650” according to JRIA, and after the fire, “Adam II must have lived his adult life in a different dwelling,” but that had to also include Sarah, her husband Frances Yeardley, and perhaps her five children, two of which had not yet come of age. The next house was built by Adam II. JRIA does not give a date of construction and only verifies that Adam II did build a house because his will states that he gave the house to his youngest son Argall I (1659- 1700).  JRIA states Adam II became of age “around 1656” which would suggest he built the house after 1656. JRIA is not certain of its location and suggests “it may have been in the vicinity of" Adam I’s first house at today’s Battery Road in Baylake Pines. Adam II and his wife Frances Yeardley had six children, born between 1659 and 1672. They continued to live in the house after their oldest son Argall I had his first child Argall II (1687 - 1719). Argall II grew up in the house Adam II built, married Susannah Sandford in 1704 and had two children. When Argall I died in 1700 he left the house to his widow Anne and 400 acres of land to his eldest son Argall II who started construction of the house supposedly now standing on the 400 acres willed to him. Argall II at 52, died during construction, and his wife Susannah Sandford finished it in ca.1719. She died in 1750.
note: JRIA does not explain if some or all of Argall II’s children and grandchildren lived in the two bedroom Thoroughgood house. His daughter had two children and son ten children, the last born in 1757.
 Problems with James River Institute for Archaeology's (JRIA)
1719 Construction Scenario
a. In April 1955 while searching for Indian sites and artifacts in Baylake Pines on Battery Road, archeologist Floyd Painter discovered the remains of a house. Painter writes, “This house is described as being of wood and containing six rooms, a passage, a kitchen and a cellar.” The JRIA report further states this house “seems to have been partially subterranean in construction, an architectural form that has been associated with higher status occupation during this period.” They concluded that this was the house Sarah lived in after her husband’s death in 1640. But could a house have been built on top of Adam's first house? In her book, "Old Virginia Houses," (1954) on page 191, Emmie Farrar states Adam Thoroughgood "settled in the Lynnhaven region building a rude type of wooden home." JRIA helps to prove this by suggesting a house Adam II built c.1656 “may have been in the vicinity of” Adam I’s first house that burned down about 1650. The site of Adam’s first house would have been an ideal site for the house Adam II built as the site in question was on high ground known as Indian Hill, part of Adam Thoroughgood’s 5,350 acres Grand Patent, a cleared area making tree removal unnecessary. Since no remains of any other Thoroughgood houses have been found, the site at Battery Road Baylake Pines is the most logical location for Adam II’s house. In his will Adam II (1635- 1686) indicated his Grand Manor house had a cellar which matched Floyd Painter's findings. The 2nd and 3rd husbands of Sarah Thoroughgood/Gookin/Yeardley (1609 – 1657), Captain John Gookin (1613-1643) (commander and presiding justice of Lower Norfolk County) and Colonel Frances Yeardley (1620-1655) (a wealthy man with extensive Eastern Shore land holdings and son of the former Virginia Governor) were men of high status in Lynnhaven Parish, and it is inconceivable they would have lived in a small wood dwelling. But if Adam I's first house was that six room house with a cellar as JRIA believes, then these people could have lived there until it burned in 1650, but if the house that burned in 1650 was not this six room house with a cellar, but Adam I's first crude wood dwelling, then JRIA has made the wrong conclusion without investigating the possibility that the six room house with a cellar was Adam II’s house and not the one Sarah lived in after 1640.
b.  The assumption that the Thoroughgoods lived in Adam’s first house until it burned down in 1650 is refuted in various historical books and documents that substantiate Sarah Thoroughgood/Gookin/Yeardley (1609 – 1657) used the house for an “ordinary” (tavern) for boats plying along the Lynnhaven and not as the house she continued to live in after the death of Adam I in 1640.
c. JRIA gives no information as to where the Thoroughgoods lived after the 1650 fire, 41 year old Sarah, her 30 year old husband, 8 year old daughter Mary, 17 year old Elizabeth, and 12 year old Adam II. Also the son of Chief Kiscatanewh of the Pasquotank River Yeopim came to live with Sarah and Yeardley in 1654.
d. JRIA relied on findings from the Oxford Dendrochronology (wood dating) Laboratory’s (ODL) Interim Report 2005/15 to help determine a construction date. With a history of house renovation, termites and wood rot, ODL found trees used for the Adam Thoroughgood House were cut down between the years 1551 and 1703.  They provide no rationale for 1551 wood used to build a 1719 house, but it is logical that trees cut down in 1703 would be used to make repairs to a 1641 house.
e. Beginning in the 1660’s and on into the prosperous eighteenth century Golden Age, folks on the high end of southern Virginia society began to build opulent homes with more than just the 17th century two room hall-and-parlor style like the present standing Thoroughgood House. This was also a style built by Adam Thoroughgood’s (1604-1640) neighbors, i.e. the 1634 Broad Bay Manor House, the 1637 John Lovett House, the 1649 Weblin House, and the 1636 Adam Keeling House; although JRIA has re-dated the Adam Keeling House to the 1740s discounting historical and factual information and neglecting to say where Thomas Keeling (1608 - 1664) and his son Adam Keeling (1638 - 1683) lived.  
f. Another striking example is the late seventeenth-century two room hall-and-parlor Lynnhaven House (first called the Wishart House) built by Francis Thelaball. JRIA takes issue with this date and lists an eighteenth-century date, but Sadie Kellam in her book, "Old Houses in Princess Anne Virginia," on page 50 states "William [Wishart] in 1700 speaks of 'the old house' on the tract." Thelaball built possibly the last of 17th two room hall-and-parlor houses. Twenty years later JRIA claims Argall II, a man at the high end of society, started construction of a similar two room hall-and-parlor house, equal to or even inferior to the Lynnhaven House. Would Argall II’s neighbors be at all critical of this out-of-style small residence in comparison to a house built 20 years before the Adam Thoroughgood House?
g. The Adam Thoroughgood 17th two room hall-and-parlor house is out of place if built in 1719, when compared alongside late seventeenth and early eighteenth century homes, early Georgian style homes with twelve or more rooms, the norm for families of wealth, i.e., 
The 1665 Surry County Bacon’s Castle
The 1685 New Kent County Foster's Castle
The 1694 Gloucester County Fairfield
The 1723 Colonial Williamsburg Brafferton House
The 1723 Charles City Shirley Plantation Great House
h. Our famous Old Donation Episcopal Church historical preservationist Alice Granbery Walter (1909-2003), found records substantiating that the brick 1641 house did exist and was occupied by Adam Thoroughgood’s widowed wife, first her second husband and then her third husband, her children and grandchildren. Of several records she found, the following two records in Book “B” 1646-1651/2 of Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court provide an strong case that a brick house did exist well before the eighteenth century.
- Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin contracted a brick mason, Mr. James Smyth, to complete the last brick wall left unfinished by her late husband Adam Thoroughgood who died 27 April 1640. On  page 61, a 16 Dec 1647 debt that Sarah still owed to Mr. James Smyth for completing the last brick wall stated, i.e., “the estate of James Smyth..for covering part of her [Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley’s] howse…petitioner desires order for the payment of same.” Apparently Smyth made his claim several years after he had completed the fourth wall.
- The record stated that in Oct 1651, Sarah’s husband Francis Yeardley (1620-1655) hired a bricklayer to make repairs to the house. Page 186a - “That WILLIAM EALE, brick layer .. shall well and substantially plaster white lyme and wash over ye Dyninge Roome, ye Yellow roome & kitchinge & ye chamber over ye kitchinge and likewise mend and repair & wash out all the rest of the rooms & chambers in ye house at Linhaven.
Books:  In his report, Archaeological Assessment of the Adam Thoroughgood House Site, Virginia Beach Virginia, James River Institute for Archaeology (JRIA), Nicholas M. Luccketti says books written that have supported a 17th century construction date are wrong. His report reasons this: “Throughout the 20th century, the Thoroughgood House has been treated by scholars as the iconic and quintessential 17th century Tidewater house. Regrettably this misconception was materially reinforced by a very unfortunate and poorly executed restoration of the house in 1957 by one of Colonial Williamsburg’s former architects, Finlay Ferguson, Jr.  The elements of the Thoroughgood House that suggest a 17th century vintage to these former historians, architects, and novices included its modest size, large chimney, tilted false plate, riven (spit) clapboard covering, steep roof, simple plan, and its ordinary finish.” The following books dispute Luccketti's claim. The reinforce deeds and court records and take issue with an 18th class of architecture by citing restorations that hide seventeenth century features. The JRIA disclaimer should carefully consider these findings instead of making a general summary.  Here are the most relevant books that make the case for a 17th construction date and architectural features.
- In “Old Virginia Houses Along the James,” 2014, (pages 189-191), Emmie Ferguson Farrar describes the Adam Thoroughgood House. The Captain Adam Thoroughgood House, built by him between 1636 and 1640, of sun-baked, straw-bound bricks, has stood for more than three centuries. The house is forty-eight feet long and twenty-one feet wide. It has a huge T-shaped end chimneys, a steep roof with dormer windows, fan-shaped steps at both fronts, a hall running straight through the house, and fireplaces in every room. The walls are thick and the pine paneling in the interior is beautiful in its simplicity.
- In “The Architecture of the Old South,” 1948, (pages 42,47, 50, 54, 90, and 100); Henry Chandlee Forman dates the Adam Thoroughgood House about 1640, or soon afterward. He describes the house as representative of the Virginia mediaeval style class of architecture built in tidewater during the seventeenth century, a house generally twenty feet by forty in size built with brickwork laid in either Flemish or English bond and tall T-shaped chimneys projected from both ends of the gable walls. Called the hall-and parlor type, the great hall was larger than the parlor with ached principal doors and windows downstairs and lie-on-your stomach windows piercing the gable-end walls upstairs. The first-story windows and doorways were arched leaded casement, those on the long side having mullions and transoms. Gables were single line glazing paralleling the rake of the roof. Incorporated in the late seventeenth century the Georgian style grew to four rooms or more with plainly rectangular chimneys (no longer T-shaped pyramid in plan) and a roof not as steeply pitched containing dormers to light the second floor – all advancements not found in the original Adam Thoroughgood House.
- In “Old Houses in Princess Anne Virginia,” 1931, (page 43), Sadie Kellam states that Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640) made his will dated Feb 17, 1639 before his death. It states, “After the deceased of the widow, son Adam is to enjoy and posses land, house, and orchard which had been given to wife Sarah during her life time.”  Kellam describes the house as early colonial since the chimney on the south end of the building was built outside the house wall, a massive structure for cooking.  She said, “Only a hundred years later when land owners became wealthy did they move cooking to a separate building staffed with slave.”
- In “Historic Virginia Homes and Churches,” 1915, (pages 45-46), Robert A. Jr. Lancaster states, “In 1634, when land was granted him [Adam Thoroughgood] in the same shire, he moved to Back River, naming it ‘Norfolk’ County, and its beautiful Bay, ‘Lynnhaven.’ Here he built the quant house, the gable end of which appears in our illustration [picture of today’s Thoroughgood House] and so substantial was his work that it still stands habitable and well preserved.”

- In “Early American Architecture,” 1954, Hugh Morrison says the house must have been built between 1636 and 1640. In describing the house he states, “In plan and style it stands as the archetype of a small Virginia farmhouse of the seventeenth century.” By making a thorough study of its original appearance, “it was a low-eaved, story-and-a-half house with stepped-gable roof. The roof was originally unbroken by dormers, the two upstairs rooms being lighted only by tiny windows in the end walls. In place of sliding-sash windows there were medieval cross-mullioned window, the fixed transom lights above and the hinged casements below being glazed with leaded diamond panes. Windows were topped by low segmental arches and framed by pattern of glazed headers…. The interior was of the simple hall-and-parlor plan. ..with its central hall, two rooms, and small closets built beside the interior chimneys, were typical of the period.. one stylish detail which became more common in the latter half of the century: flat-arch windows instead of segmental-ached one” (segmental-ached window in the 1640 Adam Thoroughgood House and flat-arch windows in the 1680 Lynnhaven House)." As for the house built with brick, Morrison stated that in the early seventieth century brick was a favored material. “Indeed the prejudice of the English authorities in favor of brick construction is revealed in an order of 1637 requiring every man owning a hundred acres to build a dwelling house of brick…”
- In “The Thoroughgood House, Virginia Beach,” 2011, Paul Treanor, a tenth-generation descendant of Adam Thoroughgood, spent twenty years researching wills, old maps, and court records which unequivocally proves an early seventeenth century construction date. In his book he takes issue with the city’s JRIA research by Nicholas M. Luccketti.
- In “Gateway to the New World,” 1984, (pages 48 - 52) Florence Kimberly Turner dates the house ca.1640 stating it was built on land of the original Thoroughgood grant.  Turner asserts that Adam’s widow Sarah and her second husband, John Gookin, moved into the house. She states, “After they were married [1641], he [Colonel John Gookin] moved into Sarah’s  house - ‘The Mansion,’ and the couple had one child, Mary.”
- In “Domestic Colonial Architecture of Tidewater Virginia,” 1932, (pages 3-5), Thomas Tileston Waterman, describes the Adam Thoroughgood House “as being a brick dwelling, almost entirely of English bond, the mediaeval character of the design, the evidence of casements, the presence of the initials ‘Ad.T.’ cut quaintly on a brick in the walls of the dwelling, and the brick which is said to have read 1640 before the surface disintegrated,. will stand as substantial evidence of the early date of the house.”
- In “Gleanings in the History of Princess Anne County,” 1924, (page 2) Judge Benjamin Dey White, the best authority on the history of Princess Anne County, made comprehensive record searches. He stated, “In 1640, possibly in 1636, he [Adam Thoroughgood] built the first brick house of importance in the County; so well and substantially built, that it is yet standing in a splendid state of preservation, and is claimed to be the oldest brick residence in the State. The river, now a half-mile wide at this point, was then quite narrow, and the Glebe [church rectory] and Court House, were then connected with the Thorogood land by a log.”
The 1641 House Scenario 
In the fall of 1634, Adam Thoroughgood, living in Kecoughtan (today’s Hampton), sent his indentured servants to build a temporary wood dwelling on the shores of the Lynnhaven River on top of Indian Hill (house-1 at today’s Battery Road in Baylake Pines). He moved there in 1635 with his wife and children, Ann (1630-1703), Sarah (1631-1658), and Elizabeth (1633-1670), and later Adam II (1638 - 1685). In 1638 Adam started the construction of house-2, a more substantial house (the one standing today at 1636 Parish Road), a location within walking distance to the church he built in 1639 (Lynnhaven Parish Church-1 at Church Point). Adam’s house-2 lacked one brick wall when Adam died in 1640. In his will Adam requested burial in the parish churchyard “near his home.” In 1641 Adam’s widow had James Smyth complete the unfinished fourth wall of house-2, and Sarah moved out of house-1 into house-2 with her second husband Captain John Gookin where Sarah had their fifth and last child, Mary (1642 - 1702).  With house-1 now vacant, Sarah set up an “ordinary” (tavern) for the benefit of travelers along the Lynnhaven River (the river ran past house-1 until it punched through at today's Lynnhaven Inlet in 1667). House-1 burned down about 1650. Susan Bollen, a local historian, who has studied Sarah Thoroughgood extensively, writes, "Sarah operated an 'ordinary' or a B&B in the Baylake Pines neighborhood." Sarah’s third husband Colonel Francis Yeardley (1620-1655), lived in house-2 from 1647 until his death in 1655. Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley lived in house-2 from about 1641 until her death in 1657.  Adam II (1638 - 1685) left house-2 in 1658 to build house-3 over top of the burned down house-1. He and his wife, Pembroke Fowler, had six children, born in 1659 (Argall I), 1661 (Col John), 1662 (Lt. Col Adam III), 1665 (Francis) 1669 (Robert) and 1672 (Rose). Most of the children continued to live in house-3.  Adam II’s oldest son, Argall I (1659- 1700), married Pembroke Fowler (1657-1692). Their first child Argall II (1687 - 1719) (see Argall5, Argall4, Adam3, Adam2, William1 @ http://www.ghotes.net/thorowgd/index.htm#i17568) grew up in house-3 and in 1704 married Susannah Sandford (1684-1750). They had two children who also lived in house-3 until 1719 when Argall II died.

References: “From Lemonade to Legacy--A History of Chic's Beach,” by Susan Bollen, February 23, 2017 - https://www.windyshomesite.com/blog/from-lemonade-to-legacy-a-history-of-chics-beach.html
"The Thoroughgood Family"- http://www.ghotes.net/thorowgd/index.htm
The 1680 House Scenario

a. In 1680 Lynnhaven Parish Church-1 at Church Point was still very active, and the parish community was based around the church with homes of important people living near the church. The Thoroughgood House-2 could have been built about 1680 by Adam Thoroughgood’s grandson Argall I (1659-1700) to be within walking distance of Church-1, a more likely scenario than, as the city claims, built by Argall I’s father (completed by his widowed wife) in about 1719. In 1719 house-2 was four miles distant by water from Lynnhaven Parish Church-2 built in 1692 on Witchduck Rd. After 1692 Lynnhaven Parishioners began building homes closer to Lynnhaven Parish church-2. For example, the Pembroke Manor House on Constitution Drive was built in 1694 by Rev. Jonathan Saunders, about one mile away from Lynnhaven Parish Church-2.
b. In “Architecture of the Old South,” 1993, (pages 17-18), Mills Lane says the Adam Thoroughgood House “was actually built in the 1680’s for one of his [Adam Thoroughgood’s] descendants. The original seventeenth-century interior was obscured by eighteenth-century improvements, and the building has been twice restored, in 1923 and 1957, so that little seen by visitors, including the restored casement windows, is the original.  Nevertheless, the strong horizontality, imperfect symmetry, and massive T-shaped chimneys with steep, tiled weatherings of Thoroughgood House are typical of the period.”
c. A roadside marker in front of house-2 cited a 1680 construction date by an Adam Thoroughgood relative. The marker was replaced with another one shortly before the May 18th, 2018 opening of the new Thoroughgood Education Center stating that house-2 was built about 1719.

d. The house has three walls of the English bond pattern and the last of Flemish bond. The application of Flemish bond has been used to discount an early seventeenth century construction, but is debunked by the nearby Thomas Allen house (see #2 above listing) built in 1634 entirely of Flemish bond. By the early 18th century Flemish bond had become standard brickwork on refined Colonial churches and homes, especially in Virginia, and should have been used (not just on one exterior wall) if the house had been built in 1719 by the prestigious Thoroughgood family. The English bond pattern was still popular in 1680, with Flemish bond just emerging as a new popular brick design.
Flemish Bond, a Hallmark of Traditional Architecture,
https://www.classicist.org/articles/flemish-bond-a-hallmark-of-traditional-architecture e. “The History of Gauged Brickwork,” by Gerard Lynch – 2010, page 137 - English bond was at first popular with the bricklayers, but in the later seventeenth century was replaced on the premier façades by Flemish bond, and ... in Virginia, like Bacon's Castle (c.1665), Surry County with its so called 'Dutch' gables  

The 1665 Bacons Castle - 465 Bacons Castle Trail, Surry, used Flemish bond

The Brick Mortar May Reveal the True Date. Wood dating was used to re-date the Thoroughgood House to 1719, but a more accurate method, recently developed, is testing the mortar.  The carbon dioxide contributing to binder formation during the set of a lime mortar reflects the atmospheric 14C content at the time of construction of a building. For this reason, the 14C dating of mortars is used with increasing frequencies in archaeological and architectural research, and this could help settle the argument over the date of the Thoroughgood House.
AMS Radiocarbon Dating of Mortar, 31 May 2015 by Elsevier, a Dutch information and analytics company - one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information. https://www.academia.edu/16698403/AMS_radiocarbon_dating_of_mortar_The_case_study_of_the_medieval_UNESCO_site_of_Modena
Dating Ancient Mortar, American Scientist, Mar- Apr 2003,  Vol 91 No 2 PP 130 -137
Conclusion: In their report JRIA has suggested further research. The city of Virginia Beach would profit from a display in the new Thoroughgood Education Center presenting a discussion about the construction date of house-2. 

(7) 1649 - The Weblin House at 5588 Moore’s Pond Road (3.2 mi west near Lawson Hall) built by John Weblin Jr. when he inherited the land (and possible house) from his father-in-law. The original land grant of 750 acres was to Thomas Lambert in 1648. The Weblin name is from Thomas Lambert’s daughter who married John Weblin. The Weblin House is of the "Virginia Style," dating to the 17th century. Its solid brick walls are 12 inches thick, creating wide sills in the interior. The masonry is Flemish bond and its massive chimney is English bond. Big chimneys were typical of the period because settlers cooked inside and hadn't yet moved cooking to exterior buildings. The original steep gable roof was changed to a gambrel roof in the early 19th century as noted by the 60 degree old roof line on the chimney side. The house is currently owned by the Petersen family.
Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 18

First picture of Rolleston is the right front corner of the house.
In the second picture above, the porch barely visible.
(8) 1650 - Rolleston (no longer in existence) at 443 Kempsville Rd, Norfolk, VA. (5 miles west). The Chapel at Barry Robinson now occupies part of the tract of Rolleston Hill. It was located on the edge of what would eventually be called Newtown, situated on the northeast corner of the I-64 and I-264 interchange just east of Woodlawn Memorial Gardens. William Moseley I (1601-1655) built this sprawling Dutch- roofed house, Greenwich Plantation, later called Rolleston Plantation by his descendants. In 1649 he came to Virginia from Rotterdam, Holland with his wife Suzanna, two sons (William II and Arthur), and a large quantity of family jewels. As a Cavalier opposed to Oliver Cromwell, the jewels were all he was able to get out of England when he fled to Holland. Trading jewels, primarily to Adam Thoroughgood’s widow Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley (1609 – 1657), in exchange for livestock, William I slowly gained prominence.  As Commissioner of Lower Norfolk County from 1649 to his death in 1655 he built a sprawling Dutch-roofed house, Greenwich Plantation, later called Rolleston Plantation by his descendants. William’s son William Moseley II (1635-1700) married Mary Gookin (1642 - 1693), the daughter of Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley, her last child by her second husband Captain John Gookin. William II became Commissioner for Lower Norfolk County. William Moseley II’s son Edward Moseley (1661-1736) became a Colonel in the County Militia, Justice of Princess Anne County, High Sheriff, and as Lynnhaven Parish Church vestryman a member of the court that tried Grace Sherwood. In 1697 he had the land around Rolleston established as the town of Newtown. Edward’s grand-son Edward Hack Moseley, Sr. (1717-1782) being loyal to King George III enjoyed the social life of Virginia Governor Lord Dunmore right up until 1775 when the unpopular Lord Dunmore was forced out of Virginia in skirmishes leading up to the Revolutionary War (1775 – 1783). He remained loyal to the King throughout the Revolutionary War but was too old to take an active part in the conflict and eventually returned to England. So prominent was he at Old Donation that in 1767 he had a private Great Pew built where the pulpit stands today causing the side door to be moved about eight feet from the end of the long north wall to its present location. His son Col. Edward Hack Moseley Jr. (1743- 1814) following his father, was a member of the House of Burgess, Clerk of Princess Anne County, and a vestryman at Old Donation. He was a loyal patriot during the Revolutionary War which caused father and son to stand on opposite sides, but this obviously did not affect their relationship. On Saturday, May 17th, 2014 a service and wreath-laying ceremony marked a new gravestone, next to the broken off stone of Col Edward Hack Moseley JR, the oldest grave with remains in our cemetery. Today Rolleston and Newtown are no more. Rolleston stood more than 200 years until it burned down sometime in the late 19th century. At the Kempsville Pleasant Hall there is a pair of old wrought irons that once held the logs that burned in Rolleston. And the family jewels that once belonged to William Moseley I are scattered among Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley’s heirs.
Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 41.
"Newtown," http://virginiabeachhistory.org/newtown.html

(9) 1673 – Lawson Hall (no longer in existence) at 5525 Lawson Hall Rd Virginia Beach, VA (3.7 mi west near Weblin House) was built by Anthony Lawson (1650-1701). He came to VA from London and was given a 490 acre estate in 1673 as headrights for providing passage to indentured servants to work his estate.  Lawson practiced law and was justice of Princess Anne Country. His second wife was Mary Gookin, daughter of Colonel John Gookin and Sarah Thoroughgood-Gookin-Yeardley (1609 – 1657) widow of Adam Thoroughgood. When Anthony Lawson died, Mary married William Moseley II (1635-1700). Their son Edward Moseley (1661-1736) was a member of the court that tried Grace Sherwood and Edward Moseley’s great grandson Col. Edward Hack Moseley (1740-1811) is buried in our cemetery.
There is no record of his house, only the house built by his grandson Col. Anthony Lawson (1729-1785). Like his grandfather, Anthony Lawson practiced law and was a justice of Princess Anne County and lieutenant-colonel of the Princess Anne militia. He was captured by the British and sent to East Florida. His house burned down in the early 20th century and was rebuilt on its original footprint, i.e., the house standing today known as Lawson Hall.
Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 17

(10) 1681 - The James and Grace Sherwood House (no longer in existence), at Muddy Creek near the intersection of Pungo Ferry Road and Princess Anne Road (21.3 mi south). The house stood for over 300 years until it burned down in the 1990s. The property is now owned by the Federal Government as part of Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Grace Sherwood’s father John White gave the Sherwood’s 50 acres of farm land when James Sherwood (1660 – 1701) married 20 year old Grace White (1660 – 1740) in April 1680 in the first Lynnhaven Parish Church at Church Point. On his death in 1681 John White left them the remainder of his 145 acres farm. The Sherwood’s had three sons - John, James, and Richard, and one daughter – Elizabeth (1675 – 1725), the oldest.  In addition to farming, Grace Sherwood grew her own herbs, which she used to heal both people and animals. She also acted as a midwife. When James died in 1701, Grace inherited his property. This early death of James left Grace without his protection, ultimately resulting in a witch trial at Lynnhaven Parish Church No 2 (see above), ducking at Witch Duck Bay in the West Lynnhaven River and jail where today’s church (church no.3) now stands. After release Grace gathered her three sons, paid back taxes on the farm, and lived peacefully for the rest of her life. She never remarried. Grace lies in an unmarked grave under some trees in a field on her farm. James was buried in the Old Donation Cemetery, his tombstone (now lost). A plaque at the entrance to the cemetery replaces his tombstone. Three hundred years later on July 10, 2006, the 300th anniversary of Sherwood's conviction as a witch, Governor Tim Kaine restored her good name, recognizing that her case was a miscarriage of justice. A statue depicting her was erected near Sentara Bayside Hospital on Independence Boulevard in Virginia Beach, and Virginia Beach Mayor Meyera E. Oberndorf declared July 10th Grace Sherwood Day. Not until eight years later on July 10th 2014 did Old Donation Church officially recognize the wrong done to poor Grace by blessing of a stone honoring Grace, a stone placed in the church herb garden, fitting for one who used her herbs to heal the sick.
Present day location where Fairfield Manor once stood 5298 W Valleyside Ct
(just north of the Fairfield Shopping Center and 20 miles east up the Elizabeth River)

Walke Graveyard near the site of the old Fairfield Manor House

(11) 1720 - Fairfield Manor (no longer in existence and picture/sketch not available) was to the north of 643 E Fox Grove Ct, Virginia Beach, VA 23464 (just north of Fairfield Shopping Center) (4.8 miles south). Shown above are graves of Colonel Anthony Walke I  (1692 - 1768) and David M. Walke (1800 – 1854) (the tall one). Both were moved to the Old Donation Cemetery in the 1930’s by Ann Talbot Parks and the Princess Anne Garden Club. They found the Walke Cemetery enclosure in a hog pen where the hogs were systematically destroying the markers. To the right side is what may have been a servant's quarter, guard house, or else built sometime after 1865. The tree-line in the background is the tail end of the Elizabeth River (draining from right to left). This is one fork of the river, the other being a little further to the north and closer to Princess Anne Rd. The area in between these two water ways is where the Fairfield Manor house was located. From undocumented sources, the manor house was said to be fronting Princess Anne Rd and since this road is one of the oldest in the area, that seems reasonable putting the manor house just north of Fairfield Blvd.

Colonel Thomas Walke I (1642 – 1694) was an immigrant from British-ruled Barbados. He made his fortune shipping goods to Barbados from Hampton Roads and slaves back to Hampton Roads from Barbados. He held colonial distinction and was commissioned a colonel by the Governor of Virginia. In his later life he married Mary Lawson in 1690, also an emigrate from Barbados. Dying only four years after his marriage, he left three children, Thomas II or Jr. (1691-1723), Anthony I (1692- 1768), and Mary.  His two sons’ descendants three decades later, Anthony Walke (1755-1814) and Thomas Walke IV (1760 - 1797), were chosen to represent Princess Anne County at the 1788 Virginia Constitutional Convention where they voted “yes” on June 25 making Virginia the tenth state to approve the new Constitution.  Four years after Thomas I's death, his executors in 1698 purchased land for the construction of two homes for Walke’s children, i.e., the 1759 Upper Wolfsnare House  (see house no. 19 below) and the 1782 Walke Manor House (see house no. 24 below).
In 1853 Mr. Forrest described the style of architecture of the Fairfield Manor House. “This  Dutch  roof  relic  of  antiquity is …resisting  still the  effects  of  time.  The walls are more than four feet thick for some distance above  the  ground. The interior walls and ceilings are heavily wainscotted with black walnut, the passage is exceedingly spacious, and  there are other  architectural  curiosities  about  it  which  form  a striking contrast to the present style of building.”  In 1887, Henry Walke, Rear Admiral, U.S.N. in the "Private Record of The Walke Family," described the plantation. “Fairfield was an ‘almost baronial establishment’ with  liveried  black servants, blacksmiths, wagon-makers, saddlers, and tradesmen imported from England."  Fairfield Manor was destroyed by fire in March 1865, but the name is perpetuated by a residential community developed on the site.”
"Old Fairfield House to Be Demolished," by Helen Crist, “Fairfield itself  came to a tragic end one windy March day, perhaps in 1865, when it burned  to  the  ground  as  a spark from the chimney ignited the roof.
Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 49
Gleanings on Walke Family Homes,” by Calvert Walke Tazewell, 1988 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ferry/walkehou.txt 
(12) 1699 - The Hermitage at 4200 Hermitage Road on Adam Thoroughgood’s 5,350 acre Grand Patent sits south-southwest across the Thoroughgood inlet and Lake Charles from the Adam Thoroughgood House. This is a charming one-and-a-half-story farmhouse constructed in three stages from 1699 to 1940. The original 1699 house is on the left, one of the last traditional hall-and-parlor seventeenth century cottages built consisting of two rooms downstairs and a room under the roof upstairs. The current owners are John and Marianne Litel.  The Hermitage was built c.1699 as claimed by Amy Hayes Castleberry, in her book, “Then and Now, Virginia Beach” and Marc Davis in his Mar 20, 2008 Virginian Pilot article, “Hermitage House – The Other One - Makes Historic List,”  Louisa Venable Kyle claims either John Thoroughgood or Adam Thoroughgood III built the house.
*The case for Lt. Col. Adam III Thoroughgood (1662 – 1709)  (Adam4 Thorowgood (III)(Lt. Col.), Adam3, Adam2, William1He married Mary Sayer before July 1700 which gives a plausible rationale to build a house for his bride Mary Sayer.
*The case for John Thoroughgood (c. 1682 – c.1735)  It is unlikely he built the Hermitage in 1699 at the young age of 17 in 1699. 
*The case for Francis Thorowgood (1665 – 1717). He was 35 in 1699.
Adam Thorowgood(II)(Lt. Col.) and Frances Yeardley had the following child:
Francis Thorowgood (1665 – 1717).
Francis Thorowgood and Anne Brittingham had the following child:
Francis Thorowgood (Jr.) (ca.1705 - February 14, 1740)
Francis Thorowgood(Jr.) and Amy Lovett had the following child:
Col Adam Thorowgood (April 16, 1736 – ca. 1790) - Yorktown battle patriot

(13) *1680 - The Lynnhaven House at 4405 Wishart Road (1 mi north) (once called the Boush House and before that the Wishart House) was most likely built by Francis Thelaball in about 1680 on land sold by Adam Thorowgood to William Richerson in 1653 who, in turn, sold the property to James Wishart in 1673. In Sadie Kellam's book, "Old Houses in Princes Anne Virginia," 1931, on page 50 she says, "It is interesting to note that William [son of James Wishart] in 1700 speaks of the 'old house' on the tract." During the time the Wishart’s owned the house, Francis Thelaball and his family lived there a short time from 1725 until 1727 when Francis died. In 1795 Thomas Wishart sold the house to Revolutionary Patriot William Boush (1559-1834) whose family lived there for several generations. William W. Oliver Sr. bought the house in 1923 and used it for a tenant house. The family of William Oliver gave the house to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiques in July of 1971. For many years, the house was referred to as the Wishart House or the Boush House. This is one of the last (if not the last) colonial two room hall-and-parlor houses remaining in Virginia, a fine example of a seventeenth century house before much larger homes were constructed in the prosperous eighteenth century Golden Age. The house is a 32’6” by 21’2” a showplace vernacular house (architecture not from formally-schooled architects, but by relying on the design skills and tradition of local builders). The house is rich in quality and features. The exteriors has a steep gable roof; a massive T-shaped chimneys with steep tiled splays and belt courses; and English bond brickwork (two alternating courses of stretchers and headers) with brick jack arches over the windows, brick corbels at either end of the eaves, glazed headers on the gable end following the rake of the roof, and segmental arched entranceways. The two-room interior features a closed-string staircase with teardrop pendants (a decorative finishing touch) and a ship's lap floor. There are two large mantels, the north one retaining its distinctive bolection moldings. The center wall has wide horizontal boards, now covered by layers of paint and wallpaper. Francis Thelaball was a ship’s carpenter and master craftsman. Being at the low end of the Lynnhaven social scale, he established his status among his fellow Lynnhaven Parish church members with his talents as a master carpenter by building the house, the most exquisite house of the late 17th century.
The Boush Family Cemetery sits in a wooded area to the south of the house.  There are four vaults which replaced the original ones as they had decayed over the years and were moved to a safe place.

Eliza J. S. Walke (1802-1884),

Mary Boush (1764-1822),
William. F. W. Boush (1793-1818), and
Revolutionary Patriot William Boush (1759 – 1834). 
The most famous Boush was Maxmillian Boush II (1660 – 1728). In 1702 he married Mary Bennett (1670 – 1735). In 1706 he was the prosecuting attorney against Grace Sherwood. In 1711 he gave a silver paten (a small plate used to hold Eucharistic bread) which bears his coat of arms to Lynnhaven Parish Church. From 1710 to 1727 he represented Princess Anne County in the House of Burgesses.
"Carol's House," http://www.carolshouse.com/cemeteryrecords/boush/
"Old Houses in Princess Anne," Sadie Scott Kellam and Hope Kellam 1958

(14) *1805 - The Francis Land House at 3131 Virginia Beach Boulevard (4.9 miles southeast). The Land family is one of the several notable families important to Lynnhaven Parish and to local government. The Francis Land house standing today was built around 1805 by Francis Moseley Land VI (1780-1819), but his descendants before him lived on the same estate and had houses built on top of the older ones. A brick in the cellar has the date 1732 inscribed on its surface, the date of an earlier house was most likely built by Francis Moseley Land VI's father. Francis Land II (1604 - 1657) was the first Land to arrive in Virginia Beach about 1638. Along with Thomas Walk, he brought slaves to work the lucrative tobacco fields. By 1657 Francis had acquired 1,020 acres of land adjacent to Thomas Keeling’s estate. He used flat bottom canoes to transport goods from Pine Tree Branch to the Chesapeake Bay via the Lynnhaven River or via the Intracoastal waterway. Today Pine Tree Branch is overgrown with weeds, but the waterways in Princes Anne County then were much wider and deeper than they are today. On 26 May 1647 Francis was nominated by the Court to serve as Churchwarden for Lynnhaven Parish Church. Francis Land II’s children carried the name Frances right up through Francis Moseley Land VI.  By the mid-18th century the plantation had around 20 slaves, typical for the tobacco plantations in the area. The current Georgian style home has exterior walls of double depth Flemish bond brickwork and heart-of-pine floors. Extensive alterations and modifications were made along the way to mask its true original construction date and style, and because of the termite problem, the original wood was probably replaced long ago. Francis Moseley Land VI and his family lived there until Francis died in 1819. He and his wife had two daughters who held onto the land until about 1850 when it was sold outside their family. The City of Virginia Beach purchased the house and land in 1975 and in 1986 started operating it as a historic house museum. The manicured grounds include herb, vegetable, flax, formal, and "pleasure" gardens, as well as a history park which includes a constructed one-tenth mile nature trail in a wooded wetland with interpretive sign exhibits.
References: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 52
http://1bob9.blogspot.com/2009/06/old-donation-history.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Land_House
"The War Between the States," by Kenneth Harris, 2010, page 11 

(15) 1734 - The Carraway House at 317 South Witchduck Road (3.4 miles south) was built by James Carraway in 1734. Members of the Carraway family occupied the house for over 200 yrs.  
Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 51.  http://genforum.genealogy.com/carraway/messages/509.html http://hamptonroads.com/2009/11/virginia-beachs-carraway-house-sale

(16) Circa 1730 - Green Hill Plantation at 1721 Lovetts Pond Lane (8.8 miles east). The first Thomas Lovett came to Lynnhaven Parish in 1663, and documents show that as "under sheriff" Thomas presented the Court with names of  Quakers who had been at a meeting contrary to the law, which  forbade the assembly of Quakers. The Green Hill property passed through several families during the seventeenth century before ending with Robert Bond in 1698-99, his share being reduced to a mere 95 acres.About 1714, John Lovett acquired the property, then 250 acres.   Green Hill Plantation, was built by Lancaster Lovett prior to 1738.  John Lovett belonged to one of several prominent founding families of early Princess Anne County. Various member of the Lovett family married into the Kempe, Keeling, Pallet, and Thorowgood families, and were generally active in the leadership of the local community.  Thomas Lovett willed the house to his eldest son Thomas, and the remainder of the estate to his sons Randolph and Reuben. Evidently, there was some sort of family quarrel over the division of the property and Reuben changed the spelling of his name to "Lovitt." The Lovett family retained ownership of the property until 1831 when the property passed to the Keeling family. The estate then passed through several more families before being acquired by Margarette Hanes Old (of the Hanes clothing company) and her husband W.T. Old. The Olds oversaw the addition of the two wings to the house in 1954 along with a complete restoration overseen by prominent regional architect Finlay Forbes Ferguson, Jr. Ferguson , a participant in the Colonial Williamsburg’s restoration from 1931-43. Green Hill Plantation  is a relatively rare surviving example of an eighteenth century Georgian/Federal Lynnhaven Parish style home, and is a good example of the evolution of the once ubiquitous regional early American hall-and-parlor house representing its uninterrupted role as one of the most important dwellings in old Virginia Beach. Different owners have enlarged and improved the house, making it a magnificent with its beautiful setting overlooking Broad Bay.  This Georgian House originally consisted of four rooms, two up and two down, each off a central hallway, and a large cellar. The rooms on both the first and second floors have high ceilings, decorative cornices, deeply recessed windows, and attractive mantels. Both of the halls and the upper part of the stairway have been altered. The brick wall around the chimney has also been redone. A whole new structure of rafters was installed to support a new gable roof, thus altering the pitch of the roof.  Near the roof line on each side of the chimney, under both gables, are  little round windows which are not usually found in Georgian style homes. Yet all of these changes and additions have been carefully done to retain the flavor and charm of this two story house with double chimneys on the west side and one chimney on the east.  
"National Register of Historic Places Registration Form,  Green Hill, 1721 Lovetts Pond Lane, Va Beach,http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Cities/VirginiaBeach/134-0015_GreenHill_2012_NRHP_revised%20draft.pdf
“Bricks and Mortar: What's Left In Old Princess Anne County and New Virginia Beach," edited and copyrighted in 1993 by C.W. Tazewell.
"National Register of Historic Places Registration Form,  Green Hill, 1721 Lovetts Pond Lane, Va Beach,http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Cities/VirginiaBeach/134-0015_GreenHill_2012_NRHP_revised%20draft.pdf
Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 29 and 30. http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Cities/VirginiaBeach/134-0015_GreenHill_2012_NRHP_revised%20draft.pdf

(17) 1751 Summerville Plantation (1751-1905) - From the middle 18th century through the Civil War years the Thalia neighborhood was home to a wealthy Norfolk merchant, George McIntosh (1768-1863) who lived at his summer home the Summerville Plantation. The manor house required sixteen slaves to work the plantation which initially took up most of the Thalia neighborhood. In addition to being the future site of the famous Steinhilber's Restaurant at today’s 653 Thalia Rd, the plantation helped host the wedding of the 19th century. Standing on his balcony George looked out many evenings to see the beautify Elizabeth Walke who lived just on the other side of the Lynnhaven River with her uncle, the famous Rev. Anthony Walke, in the Walke Manor House. During their courtship, George and Elizabeth mingled at eloquent soirees taking week-long excursions to the Cape Henry bay-shore. Slaves came ahead with tents, furniture and refreshments.  The 1800 wedding was a most grand affair at the small Lynnhaven Parish Church with days of celebration at their respective estates. After the wedding sixteen-year-old Elizabeth moved in with thirty-two-year-old George at Summerville just on the other side of the river. The below 17th century map shows the relatively close location of the two estates (4) and (5). See house (25) below for the Ferry Farm Plantation House. Note the branch called "Witch Duck Bay." In that Grace Sherwood was "ducked" in the river in 1706, the map is either an eighteenth century map  or various notions were made to a seventeenth century map.

After the Walke Manor House burned down in 1828 George McIntosh purchased the land and had slaves build the Ferry Farm House (the house that stands today) in 1830. It was a smaller house than the grand Walke Manor House. See house no. (25) below.

References:"What’s in a name? - Thalia in Virginia Beach," by Margaret Matray, The Virginian-Pilot, Feb 18, 2013

(17a)  1692 - Taylor / Dickson - 4449 North Witchduck Rd - Ebenezer Taylor sold two acres of his land for the Lynnhaven Parish / Old Donation Episcopal second church. Later the Reverend Robert Dickson (1716-1777) bought several hundred acers (called Donation Farm) near and around the church.  The church was situated on the West Branch of the Lynnhaven River at the end of Cattail Creek (Cattayle Branch on old maps) in a location adjacent to Ferry Plantation known as Church Quarter. In his will Reverend Dickson (1716-1777) placed his farm “Donation Farm” to be used by the church to convert the their public boys' school to a private one. His land was between the Boush Estate (site of the Lynnhaven House) and the Walke Estate (site of the Ferry Plantation House).

(18) 1752 -  John Biddle House on Kings Grant Road built in 1752 for John Biddle (6.4 miles east). One of his descendants, William Etheridge Biddle (1856-1915) is honored on a wall memorial plaque in the church for working with the Reverend Alfriend during the restoration period (1912-1915). William Biddle is buried in our historic cemetery. “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 23 

(19) *1759 - The Upper Wolfsnare House  (first called the Brick House) at 2040 Potters Road (8.5 miles east) was built between 1759 and 1762 by Thomas Walke III (1720 – 1761) the first son of Thomas Walke II and the first Walke to leave Fairfield Manor House and build on large land holdings acquired by the Walkes.  Of the three noted Walke historic homes (Fairfield Manor and Ferry Plantation), only Upper Wolfsnare stands today. His son Col. Thomas Walke IV (1760-1797) (born shortly before his father's death) inherited the house. Thomas Walke IV and Reverend Anthony Walke (1755 - 1814) were chosen to represent Princess Anne County at the 1788 Virginia Constitutional Convention. Their lineage goes back to the first Walke to settle in Virginia, Colonel Thomas Walke I (1642 – 1694) an immigrant from British-ruled Barbados, Rev. Walke’s great-grandfather and Thomas’s grandfather. 
Read the story of how they, along with James Madison, helped to save the Constitution @
The Golden Age of Lynnhaven Parish Church” @
(20) 1694 & 1764 - Pembroke Manor House on Constitution Drive (just off Independence Blvd) (1.1 mile south). The house was built on acreage given by the King of England to Rev. Jonathan Saunders in 1694. Saunders provided religious leadership for the growing Lynnhaven Parish Church from 1695 to 1700. Much later, the manor house (as pictured above) was built by slave labor in 1764 by grandson Captain Jonathan Saunders I (1726 – 1765), the father of Captain John Saunders II (1754 - 1834).  The original property was 800 acres which included the land where Town Center was developed.  As a result of his choosing to side with the British, in 1779 Captain Saunders II was called before the Princess Anne County Safety Committee, declared a British subject, and had Pembroke Manor confiscated. The grave of Captain John Saunders I was moved from Pembroke Manor without remains to the Old Donation Cemetery and is the oldest grave site in our cemetery. Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 22 

(21) 1764 - Poplar Hall on Broad Creek at the intersection of Poplar Hall Drive and Stuart Circle, Norfolk (6.4 miles west), built by Captain Thurmer Hoggard (1728 - 1779) in 1764 and home of his great-grandson Thurmer Hoggard IV (1819-1902) who came to save the burned-out Old Donation Church in 1882. Thurmer Hoggard IV was an influential citizen who had a shipbuilding business on Broad Creek, believed to be the first navy yard in America. He worshiped at Old Donation until services ended around 1844 and then switched to Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Kempsville. In 1882 he came to rescue the burned out Old Donation Church by holding annual pilgrimages to the open shell of Old Donation so the county could not take possession of the land. He was the only living Episcopalian who had worshipped at Old Donation before it burned.  After Hoggard’s death in 1902 his son, Captain Thurmer Harding Hoggard V, a Confederate veteran, and two daughters Mary and Fannie Hoggard continued annual services at Old Donation. Thurmer Hoggard not only saved the church but also the vestry records which he handed to Judge White, who in turn handed them to the Richmond Court House. They were later edited and published by George Carrington Mason in 1949. Malcolm Higgins located these two vestry books (1723 – 1911) in the Library of Virginia (the official Commonwealth of Virginia depository) in Richmond and had the records photocopied. In a cavity within the cornerstone of Donation Church, there is a time capsule, placed there in 1916, containing short sketches prepared by Thurmer. What is said on these documents remains unknown although  some of his writings and poetry are maintained in the Old Donation Historical Library. “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 39.
(22) 1791 - The Taylor -Whittle House at 227 W. Freemason St. was built in 1791 by James Taylor and John Cowper on the land acquired from George Purdie. The house is famous for notable Taylor owners and their relatives who lived there. English immigrant Richard Taylor (1771-1827) and early member of Lynnhaven Parish Church  purchased the house in 1803. His famous grandson lived there. He was Lieutenant Colonel Walter Herron Taylor (1838 – 1916), an aide to General Robert E. Lee during the American Civil War and later Senator in the Virginia General Assembly. Other notable residents included Captain Richard Lucien Page who accompanied Commodore Perry on his historic voyage to open up trade with Japan in 1854. It was the birthplace of and resident William Conway Whittle who was executive officer and navigator of the Confederate blockade runner CSS Shenandoah, the last major Confederate cruiser to set sail.  It remained in the ownership of Taylor descendants being passed down via the Taylor female line until 1972 when it was donated to the city and immediately placed on the National Register of Historic Places to preserve it, but in 2011 the 5,000 square-foot house was deemed uninhabitable in need of $2 million in repairs and renovations.  The city currently is in the process of reviewing requests to save the house since it stands as one of very few pre-1800 buildings not burned down by the British during the War of 1812. Richard Taylor, Old Donation Church member writes on Nov 6, 2015, “My Ancestor James Taylor I arrived here in Tidewater in 1635.  He worshiped at Lynnhaven Parish prior to moving up country to Orange VA area.  He died in 1698. His son, James II built Bloomsbury in 1722 (see Knights of The Golden Horseshoe).  The James Taylor who built Taylor-Whittle House in 1791 is a cousin of my James Taylor.  James Taylor (4), my ancestor, Co-owned Taylor-Whittle House with John Cowper  (pronounced Cooper) until sold to Richard Taylor in 1803.  To be precise, 15 December 1802 for $9400. The Taylor-Whittle James was born over 100 years later.  Taylor-Whittle James and wife Sarah were Episcopal.  Walter Taylor, R.E. Lee's Chief of Staff, was born in Taylor-Whittle House.  Dr. Taylor is related to the Taylor-Whittle gang, who was an early worshiper. 
References: *Nonprofit Wants To Help Restore 18th-Century Norfolk House http://hamptonroads.com/2014/07/nonprofit-wants-help-restore-18thcentury-norfolk-house
by Lia Russell -The Virginian-Pilot © July 6, 2014           
*The Taylor-Whittle House http://www.twhouse.org/TWHouse/Home.html

(23) *1793 - Whitehurst-Buffington House designated as one of the 50 most historically significant structures in Virginia Beach was built in 1793.  A year after the first lighthouse was built at Cape Henry the Whitehurst family built their farmhouse. The original house included one room downstairs and a sleeping loft upstairs. The gambrel roof in front and the long sloping roof in the back are indicative of the “saltbox” design that was popular during the early Federal period. Two large chimneys bracket the house on either end. The family enlarged the house over time. In 1820, Daniel Whitehurst, appointed as a Commissioner, authorized the building of a new courthouse and jail on property near his farm. Today, the Virginia Beach Courthouse sits across the street from the Whitehurst-Buffington House.  The Whitehurst Farm was also home to James Howard Whitehurst, who entered the Virginia Military Institute as a cadet in 1860. In 1862, he joined the 16th Virginia Regiment of the Confederate Army. He was wounded at Malvern Hill in May 1862, recovered, and returned to active duty until he was wounded a second time at Spotsylvania in 1864. He was subsequently captured in April 1865. His tombstone remains on the property.  In 1940, the Whitehurst family sold the farm to George W. Bratten, who replaced the clapboard siding with brick and added the kitchen. In 1953, the Bratten family sold the farm to James (Jay) W. Buffington, who maintained the property until 1986. Mrs. Webster Whitehurst, Mamie Whitehurst, and Samuel Whitehurst were among the 46 members of the re-built Old Donation Episcopal Church in 1916. “Whitehurst” was a family Alice Granbery Walter (1909 – 2003) traced which is on file in the Sargeant Memorial Collection at the Norfolk Slover Library.
References: “Buffington House” - http://www.wbhouse.org/history
Virginia Beach on Quest to Save 1793 Farmhouse,” the Virginian Pilot, Jul 6, 2010 http://pilotonline.com/news/virginia-beach-on-quest-to-save-farmhouse/article_84474146-2caf-5ab9-bfea-fa8047a31b09.html

 (24) 1782 - The Walke Manor House (1st Ferry Plantation House) built in 1782, destroyed by fire in 1828.
1500’s - The land on which the Ferry Plantation House now sits (at today’s 4136 Cheswick Lane) was initially cleared by local Indians in the 16th century.  Many of their artifacts have been found on the site.
1638 - The land was given the name Ferry Farm when Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640) started a ferry service. A skiff  traveled up and down the Lynnhaven River to eleven locations, one being a stop at Ferry Farm where no house stood, just a dirt road.  Saville Gaskin, the ferry operator, was summoned by cannon fire. The ferry carried everything from goods to people and animals.
1719 - The property has deed citations dating from 1719.  Its owners bore family names tied to local history over the next two and a half centuries: Smythe, Walke, Martin, Dye, Hudgins and Howren.
1735 - The third Princess Anne County courthouse, the first brick courthouse in the county, was built in 1735 on this site, complete with stocks and pillory and was in existence until 1782 when the Walke Mansion was built.
1782 - The 1st Ferry Farm House (Walke Manor House) was built by William Walke (1762-1795) in 1782 for his half brother Reverend Anthony Walke (1755 – 1814), the famous Lynnhaven Parish preacher who divided his time between preaching and the hunt.  William was the great-grandson of Colonel Thomas Walke I (1642 – 1694) the first Walke to move into the area as an immigrant from British-ruled Barbados. Also living in the Walke Manor House were some of William's children to include Elizabeth Mason Walke (1784-1855).   The first “Walke house - Fairfield” was built about 1720, twenty-five years after Colonel Thomas Walke I died, by his son Thomas Walke II (1691 – 1723). The second “Walke house,” Upper Wolfsnare was built around 1760 by Thomas Walke III (1720 – 1761) the first Walke to leave the Fairfield Manor House.  The third “Walke house,” Walke Manor was the largest of the three and constructed in a more modern English style than Fairfield Manor. It was the largest house in the area until it burned down in 1828. Today only Upper Wolfsnare stands.
1828 - After Rev. Walke died, David Meade Walke (1800 – 1854), the 6th child of Rev Walke, used the Walke Manor House for gambling parties. At one of them, in 1828, a drunken guest tipped over an oil lamp and burned the plantation to the ground.
(25) *1830 - The Ferry Plantation House. After the Walke Manor House (Ferry Farm House No1) burned down in 1828 George McIntosh purchased the land and had slaves build the Ferry Farm House (the house that stands today) in 1830. It was a smaller house than the grand Walke Manor House.  The house had 10 rooms with heart-of-pine flooring and several original features. The rear of the home faced the western branch of the Lynnhaven River, and the southeast wing of the house was joined to an early kitchen out building. The exterior was originally covered with oyster stucco that was removed in the late 1980s when the masonry was re-pointed.  The southeast wing predated the main portion which was part of the old Walke Manor House. George gave the home to one of his five sons, 17 year old Captain Charles Fleming McIntosh (1813-1862), USN and CSN.   
1850 - The northwest frame wing was added to expand the home to include a parlor on the first floor and a bedroom on the second floor.   
1896 - Charles Mitchell Barnett (1869 - 1940) and his wife purchased Ferry Farm in 1896.  Barnett was in the shipping and oyster business and shipped the famous Lynnhaven Oysters all over, including to New York’s Waldorf Astoria Hotel and Grand Central Station. Though his New York connection, Old Donation Church was able to obtain a $7,000 loan from a New York bank for the reconstruction of the burned-out church.
1909 - One of many Oyster Roasts held by Charles and Stella Barnett at their Ferry Farm Plantation Home facing the Lynnhaven River.

Barnett and his wife Stella Barnett held oyster roasts for church members at their home on tables set up near the Lynnhaven River. In 1900 Chrales constructed a new landside porch, the first alteration to the house since 1850.  In Oct 1912 his wife Stella died from toadstool poisoning.  He lived on in the house until his death adding modem conveniences such as plumbing and electricity in the 1930s .
1950’s - Sometime in the 1950’s the house was sold to James Carey Hudgins (1878 – 1965) who reconstructed both porches. His daughter, Ethel Virginia Hudgin Howren (1905 – 1983) lived in it until a few years before she died in 1983. After her death, her son James Howren in 1986 sold it and the rest of his mother's 33-acre estate to two developers for about $3.5 million.   He stipulated in the sale that the Ferry House not be demolished or used as a dwelling.  The sale was prompted by changes in the federal tax law for residential zoning development.  Preservation of the house was the topic of debate when developers sought City Council's approval for the Old Donation Farm subdivision. The council made, as a condition of the development, that the Ferry Farm House be under a long-term use and maintenance plan and that four acres of open space around the house be declared a city historical and cultural district.  In 1989 homes encircling the Ferry Plantation House on Cheswick Lane began popping up.
1994 – The house last traded owners in 1994, when it was purchased by investors who tried to sell it a year later, but the deal fell through when in the Virginia Beach City Council brought up the 1986 deed restrictions stating the Ferry Farm House could not be used as a private residence. The investors, known as Hickory Properties, agreed to deed house to the city in exchange for two lots. With a clear title, the city turned the house over to the Friends of the Ferry Plantation House Inc. in June 1996 who began renovating the house in partnership with the city.  The Friends had organized when a group of people interested in Virginia Beach history became alarmed about the perilous legal state of Ferry Farm House. In the past, the house had been known as “Ferry Farm,” but Friends chose to use the name “Ferry Plantation” to distinguish it from another historic Ferry Farm that was George Washington’s birthplace.  The Friends membership included Councilwoman Henley, Jo Howren, and Robert Little, all interested in preservation of the house and grounds. The Friends coordinated the restoration, operation, maintenance, and expenditures.
2016 - Mrs. Belinda Nash (October 27, 1946 - February 16, 2016), the leading house docent for many years was the heart and soul of the house.
The Ferry Plantation House is open for tours Tuesdays, Thursdays & Saturdays 10 am – 2 pm. 
References: “The Rescue and Preservation of Ferry,” 1996
Farm Land Gives Way To Luxury Dwellings,”" Virginian Pilot  Jun 18, 1988 p. D1 "
Gleanings on Walke Family Homes,” by Calvert Walke Tazewell, 1988
Ferry Plantation House,” U.S. Department of the Interior, National Register of Historic Places,
 Section 8, Page 6 –
The  History of  Eastern  Shore  Chapel,” p. 16, by Louisa Kyle
Farm Land Gives Way To Luxury Dwellings" Virginian Pilot 6/18/1988 p. D1
“Ferry Plantation House,” http://ferryplantation.org/history/brief-history
Ferry Plantation House,” from Wikipedia
Colonial Connections, Ferry Plantation House,
Thalia, Virginia” from Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thalia,_Virginia
The Thalia Community Story! Summerville & Ferry Plantations: Family Connections” (Excerpted from the upcoming book on the history of Thalia) by Deni Norred  http://archive.today/oKyT#selection-13.0-37.45 
"Gleanings on Walke Family Homes," by Calvert Walke Tazewell, Editor, 1988 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ferry/walkehou.txt

(26) 1769 - Pleasant Hall at 5184 Princess Anne Rd., Virginia Beach in Kempsville (5 miles south). Pleasant Hall was built as a private residence by George Logan in 1769. Peter Singleton I grew up here and left the house to his son Isaac Singleton and wife Suzanna (Sukey) Thoroughgood Singleton, parents of Peter Singleton II who built Bayville. Currently Pleasant Hall is owned by Kempsville Baptist Church.
References: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 48.

(27) 1791 - The Thomas Murray House at 3425 S. Crestline Dr. (7.2 miles west) located on Kings Creek and was one of four homes constructed on the Murray flax plantation. It was built by Isaac Murray for his son Thomas. The house is a Georgian style home with a gambrel roof and brick laid in Flemish bond. The home stands two stories with a full cellar. The interior of the home features a wide central hall and fireplaces in the master bedroom, kitchen, living room, dining room and cellar. The original heart pine flooring with random width planks has been retained throughout the home. The mantels appear to be original and have the same design or similar ones to the mantels in Isaac Murray's manor house. Reference: http://www.vbgov.com/government/departments/planning/boards-commissions-committees/Pages/VB%20Historical%20Register/Thomas-Murray-House.aspx

(28) 1810 - The Thomas Woodhouse House at 3067 W. Neck Rd. (12.3 miles south) was built in 1810 by John Frizzell in the Federal architecture style, a wood frame two-story structure with a brick American bond chimney with Flemish bond headers and asphalt shingles. The Woodhouse cemetery, where Thomas is buried, is near a dilapidated barn. Captain Thomas Woodhouse bought the house in 1811. Today the Fountain family own the property. The home is one of the few buildings of its type in Virginia Beach, representing the transition from Colonial and Georgian architecture to Federal style in the region.
Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 74.

(29) 1811 - the Wells Planation House - 6036 Frament Ave. along Lake Taylor (5.6 mi west) built in 1811 in then-Princess Anne County until Norfolk annexed as part of the Kempsville District in 1959. The date 1811 is carved into a brick in the basement. The original house was a Federal middle-class vernacular style farmhouse built along the former Princess Anne Turnpike, the historic main route between Norfolk and the settlements of Newtown and Kempsville to the east. In 1797, Henry Wells Sr. purchased 100 acres from George Shores for 160 pounds. Four years later he gifted the property to his son Henry Wells Jr. who married Frances Thorowgood in 1806. The wedding was officiated by Old Donation Episcopal Church’s Rev. Anthony Walke. They had four children and owned seven slaves. Wells died April 14, 1814.  Since then, at least seven families have lived in the Wells house, as the land around it was divided into other parcels and dwindled from 100 acres to under two. The house was bought in 1987 by the Stockburgers who are the current owners.
Reference: History Lives on at Former Plantation, “by Katherine Hafner, the Virginia Pilot, May 16, 2019

(30) 1827 – Bayville Farm Manor House (no longer in existence) at 4137 1st Court Road on the Bayville Golf Club grounds (4.8 miles NE) was built by Peter Singleton II, a Thoroughgood descendant. He grew up at Pleasant Hall. Shortly after he finished the Bayville house he lost it in a game of cards. A few years later the estate came into the ownership of a Mr. Garrison who made Bayville the center of the county’s social life prior to the Civil War. The land was farmed, especially for strawberries that were shipped north. A dairy provided milk for most of Princess Anne County, and Arabian horses were bread. In 1919 Charles F. Burroughs Sr bought the farm. In Aug 2008 the house burned to the ground. Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 15.

(31) 1897 - Charles Mitchell Barnett House at 521 Fairfax Avenue in Norfolk (9.5 miles east) built by Charles M. Barnett (1869 - 1924). This was one of his three homes (his others were a home in New York City and the  Ferry Plantation House). He moved in 1898 to the Ferry Plantation House. In Oct 1912 his wife Stella died from toadstool poisoning.  Charles lived on at Ferry Plantation until his death in 1924. Barnett was in the shipping and oyster business, and he shipped the famous Lynnhaven Oysters all over, including to New York’s Waldorf Astoria Hotel and Grand Central Station. Though his New York connection, Old Donation Church was able to obtain a $7,000 loan from a New York bank to rebuild ODEC in 1914. He and his wife Stella Barnett held oyster roasts for church members at their Ferry Farm Plantation home alternating with Judge White at his White Acre home, both roasts located next to the Lynnhaven River.

(32) 1830 – Oak Hill built by the Woodhouse family near 1040 Caton Dr, Virginia Beach, VA, 23454 and Oak Hill Ct. facing Linkhorn Bay (10.9 miles east). The house was constructed in the Federal style and sits on the foundation of an earlier structure. 
Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 25.

(33) 1832 - Old Comfort at 1437 N Woodhouse Road built in 1832 by Henry Robert Woodhouse (1811 - 1890) – (11.4 miles east) was built using slave labor in 1832 by Henry Robert Woodhouse, the 8th generation from Henry Woodhouse III (see House no 5 above).  It is called a Half House, common in this area in the early 19th Century, and thus named because Henry had planned to build the other half later, when he was prosperous enough to afford it. Because of a childhood illness Henry became stone deaf at 11 years of age. This physical handicap kept him from serving in the Confederate Army, but he was loyal to the cause of the south and was for years a friend of General Robert E. Lee who visited him at his home on Linkhorn Bay. When the war was over, and slaves freed, the Woodhouse slaves all stole off in the middle of the night leaving behind tiny baby Jim who was found the next morning in the kitchen and raised by the Woodhouse family. Henry Woodhouse died in 1890, and followed by his wife Mary in 1907.
Reference: “Virginia Beach, Then and Now,” by Amy Hayes Castleberry, 2010, page 27.

(34) 1855 - White Acre  (NLE) at 2478 White Acres Ct. (1.9 miles NE). Judge White (1868-1946) purchased his ancestral home White Acre, built in the 1850’s on several hundred acres overlooking the southwestern branch of the Lynnhaven River at Witchduck Bay (today’s White Acres Court), and restored it to its old-time charm. To purchase and restore White Acre, Benjamin possibly used funds from the sale of property, known as Woodstock Farm, inherited from his father Caleb White. Benjamin was Caleb’s only son. However, more likely Judge White used funds acquired from wise real estate purchases. In keeping with his interests in flowers and animals, he brought to his White Acre lawn magnificent camellia and azalea bushes, and many domestic and wild animals including wild geese and beautiful flamingos. In his will he wrote, "I desire my Canadian wild geese delivered to the U.S. Government, to be placed, if possible, on some wild life sanctuary." White Acre was one of the most prominent show places on the Lynnhaven River in its day and Benjamin hosted annual oyster roasts for the church and neighbors until 1934 when the roast moved to the church grounds.

(35) 1860 - Church Point Manor -4001 Church Point Road (8 miles). This farmhouse was built on a tract of farmland owned by colonist Adam Thoroughgood. Another rare surviving 19th century farmhouse is the Wells Planation House built in 1811 on Lake Taylor. Church Point Manor is a 11,000-square-foot three-story Victorian-style home. It once served as a temporary hospital for Confederate soldiers. In later years Church Point Manor became McDonnell’s bed and breakfast featuring a wrap-around veranda and fireplace in nearly every room, private dock on the Lynnhaven River, a saltwater pool and tennis courts.  A developer renovated the home in 1993, allowing for opening of The Cellars. Before it closed in November 2016, the restaurant was repeatedly recognized by OpenTable.com as one of the 100 most romantic restaurants in the country. The original asking price for the house was $2.5 million. It sold in 2018 at the much lower $1.6 million since the owner was in debt as the result of the bookkeeper embezzling more than $377,000, even though the B&B was turning a good profit.
Reference: “An employee stole $377,000 from a popular Virginia Beach restaurant.”” by Scott Daugherty, Nov 5, 2018, the Virginian Pilot

(36) 1920 - The Parks Home off Kings Way Lane at 4300 Calverton Lane (at the end of the lane) on Witchduck Bay (1.4 miles northwest) built by Rufus I and Diana Parks.  They joined Old Donation just after the 1916 reconstruction. Diana Talbot Walke Parks established the Altar Guild and served as its chairman until 1971. She originated the church Christmas pageant in 1926 and was instrumental in establishing Old Donation’s annual Oyster Roast and Bazaar in 1934.  Ann Parks (1917 - 2002), daughter of Diana Parks, dedicated herself to service at Old Donation for over 70 years. In the 1930’s, in addition to her long hours at fund raisers, she was active in rehabilitating the neglected historical Old Donation Cemetery by establishing a burial plot book and moving several historic tomb stones to the church cemetery that had been left neglected in other locations. Along with Etehl Howren (1905 - 1983), she was among the first women to serve on the vestry.  In 2003 Reverend Irwin M. Lewis christened the Parks Memorial Fine Arts Series in honor of the highly esteemed Parks family.  Diana Parks lived alone in the house after her parents died, and after she died the house sat vacant for several years.  In 2012 the house sold, a house situated on three acres with 600 feet of Lynnhaven River waterfront.

Other Historic Houses Built / Owned by People Outside
Lynnhaven Parish / Old Donation Church

1832 – Brown’s Tavern at 2176 General Booth Boulevard – 12 miles south

1857 – The Baxter House at 3175 Land of Promise Road by Isaac N. Baxter (unknown if ODEC Parishioners) – 18 miles south

1865 - Bayville Farms House / Church Point Manor at 4001 Church Point Road built in about 1865, the original owners were the Garrison family (unknown if ODEC Parishioners) – 4.2 miles north

1895 - deWitt Cottage (Home of the Atlantic Wildfowl Heritage Museum) at 1113 Atlantic Avenue was built in 1895 by Bernard Peabody Holland (unknown if ODEC Parishioner).

1908 – The Dr. John Miller-Masury House at 515 Wilder Road built in 1908 for Dr. John Miller Masury (unknown if ODEC Parishioner) – 12.6 miles east -

1932 - The Briarwood at 1500 Southwick Rd. built in 1932 for James Bingham, Jr. (unknown if ODEC Parishioner) – 9.4 miles east

1959 - The Andrew B. Cooke House, at the end of 51st Street on Crystal Lake, was designed in 1953 and completed in 1959 for Andrew B. & Maude Cooke. Along with the Pope-Leighey House and the Luis Marden House, it is one of three Frank Lloyd Wright designs in Virginia. The home is an example of green building before its time. It was built into a sand dune under pine trees. An arcing wall of windows faces south and soaks up light and heat. Inside, the great room holds Wright's furniture, cypress wood beams, a heated concrete floor and a large hearth cleaved in the masonry. A copper, cantilevered roof tops the home, which follows the shape of a question mark. The house was sold in 2018.
Frank Lloyd Wright home in Virginia Beach sells for $2.2M,” November 17, 2016